Efforts to encourage clean energy has resulted in more than 20 percent of global power being generated by renewable sources as of 2011. Still in Nigeria, about 90 million people lack access to electricity especially in rural areas, and as the demand continues to rise there needs to be a substantial increase in the production of renewable energy across the country. Nigerians spend $14 billion annually on inefficient and expensive generator that seriously pollutes the environment.
Ensuring universal access to affordable electricity by 2030 means investing in clean energy sources such as solar, wind and thermal. Adopting cost-effective standards for a wider range of technologies could also reduce electricity consumption by buildings and industry by 14%.
At least six million households need to have access to electricity annually to acheive SDG goal 7 by 2030.