Goal 10 – Reduced Inequalities

In Nigeria, it is well documented that income inequality is on the rise, with the richest 10 percent earning up to 80 percent of total national income. The minimum wage has not increased since 2011 and social spending has stagnated. The poorest 10 percent earn only between 2 percent and 7 percent of national income.

These widening disparities require the adoption of sound policies to empower the bottom percentile of income earners, and promote economic inclusion of all regardless of sex, economic status or ethnicity.

Reducing Income inequality involves improving the regulation and monitoring of financial markets and institutions, encouraging development assistance and foreign direct investment to regions where the need is greatest. The government at all levels should direct their expenditure on social services and infrastructure, provision of social safety nets; the promotion of social equity through redistributive policies involving taxation, market reform or reprioritizing expenditure; and the development of good governance and administrative capacity.

Facts and figures


10% of the Population own 80% of the wealth in Nigeria


Inequality within urban areas account for about 66% of national inequality

15-20 dependents

Rural families have family sizes beyond their economic carrying capacity(15 – 20 members)

7.5 cents

For every dollar sent home in 2015, migrant workers paid 7.5 cents in fees, more than double the target rate of 3 percent
UN Sustainable Development Goals
Goal 1 No Poverty
Goal 2 Zero Hunger
Goal 3 Good Health and Well Being
Goal 4 Quality Education
Goal 5 Gender Equality
Goal 6 Clean Water and Sanitation
Goal 7 Affordable and Clean Energy
Goal 8 Decent Work and Economic Growth
Goal 9 Industry Innovation and Infrastructure
Goal 10 Reduced Inequalities
Goal 11 Sustainable Cities And Communities
Goal 12 Responsible Consumption and Production
Goal 13 Climate Action
Goal 14 Life Below Water
Goal 15 Live on Land
Goal 16 Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions
Goal 17 Partnership For The Goals

Goals in action